eCos Support for the NXP STB200 Board — Overview
The NXP STB200 board has a PNX8310 processor, 16MB of external SDRAM, 4MB of external flash, an SMSC LAN9118 ethernet chip, and connectors plus required support chips for various on-chip peripherals. For typical eCos development a RedBoot image is programmed into the external flash. RedBoot provides gdb stub functionality so it is then possible to download and debug eCos applications via the gdb debugger. This can happen over either a serial line or over ethernet.
The memory map used by both eCos and RedBoot is as follows:
External SDRAM and flash are normally accessed via the kseg0 segment and hence via the cache. The internal RAM and the peripherals are normally accessed via kseg1 and hence uncached. Accesses to the on-chip RAM are as fast as cache accesses so there is no point in going through the cache for those.
eCos can be configured for one of three startup types:
- This is the startup type normally used during application development. RedBoot is programmed into flash and performs the initial bootstrap. mipsisa32-elf-gdb is then used to load a RAM startup application into memory and debug it. By default the application will use eCos' virtual vectors mechanism to obtain certain services from RedBoot, including diagnostic output. The bottom 256K of RAM is used for RedBoot code and data so the application will start at 0x80040000.
- This startup type can be used for finished applications which will be programmed into the start of external flash at location 0xB8000000. On power-up the chip's bootloader will automatically load the application into RAM at location 0x80001000 and start it. The application will be self-contained with no dependencies on services provided by other software. eCos startup code will perform all necessary hardware initialization. This startup type is used for building the flash-resident version of RedBoot but can also be used for application code.
- This can be used to run applications via JTAG rather than RedBoot. As with ROMRAM startup, the application will be loaded at location 0x80001000 and it will take over all the hardware. Uart1 will be used for all HAL diagnostics and standard output. A JTAG build of RedBoot can be used during hardware setup to program the ROMRAM version into flash. A JTAG application build may prove useful for debugging certain problems, especially ones related to interrupts and exceptions. However the JTAG software may not fully cope with the executables and debug information generated by the GNU tools, so the user experience may be poor compared with using the GNU mipsisa32-elf-gdb debugger.
In a typical setup the first 128K of flash is used for holding the RedBoot image, and the last 64K is used for managing the flash and holding the RedBoot fconfig values. The remaining blocks from 0x98020000 to 0x983EFFFF can be used by application code.
RedBoot can communicate with the host using either uart1 or ethernet. The PNX8310's uart0 is not connected on this board.
All configurations for the STB200 target include an ethernet driver
CYGPKG_DEVS_ETH_SMSC_LAN9118. If the application
does not actually require ethernet functionality then the package is
inactive and the final executable will not suffer any overheads from
unused functionality. This is determined by the presence of the
generic ethernet I/O package
Typically the choice of eCos template causes the right thing to
happen. For example, the default template does not include any TCP/IP
CYGPKG_IO_ETH_DRIVERS is not included, but
both the net and redboot templates do include a TCP/IP stack so will
specify that package and hence enable the ethernet driver. The
ethernet device can be shared by RedBoot and the application, so it is
possible to debug a networked application over ethernet.
The STB200 board does not have a serial EPROM or similar hardware providing a unique network MAC address. Instead a suitable address has to be programmed into flash via RedBoot's fconfig command.
All configurations for the STB200 target include a serial device
driver as a whole is inactive unless the generic serial support,
CYGPKG_IO_SERIAL_DEVICES is enabled. Only uart1 has
a suitable connector so that is the only device which can be accessed
through the serial driver. The hardware flow control lines are not
connected so only software flow control is available. If the UART is
needed by the application then it cannot also be used by RedBoot for
gdb traffic, so another communication channel such as ethernet should
be used instead.
All configurations for the STB200 target include a watchdog device
This is inactive unless the generic watchdog support,
CYGPKG_IO_WATCHDOG is loaded.
The on-chip interrupt controller is managed by eCos using macros provided by the PNX8310 processor HAL. The on-chip timer TMR1 is used to implement the eCos system clock. If gprof-based profiling is enabled then that will use TMR2, otherwise that timer can be used by the application. TMR3 is normally used only by the watchdog device driver. GPIO pins 17 and 18 are used for uart1, and pin 14 is used for ethernet interrupts. The remaining GPIO pins are not used by eCos. Other on-chip peripherals are left to their initial settings and not manipulated by eCos.
The STB200 port is intended to work with GNU tools configured for an
mipsisa32-elf target. The original port was done using
mipsisa32-elf-gcc version 3.4.4
mipsisa32-elf-gdb version 6.3, and binutils
version 2.16. The PNX8310's PR1910 core does not implement the full
mips32 functionality so all application code should be compiled with
|2022-03-29||eCosPro Non-Commercial Public License|