— eCos Support for the Freescale MCF5272 Processor
The MCF5272 is one member of the Freescale MCFxxxx ColdFire range of
processors. It comes with a number of on-chip peripherals including 2
UARTs, ethernet, and USB slave. The processor HAL package
CYGPKG_HAL_M68K_MCF5272 provides support for
features that are specific to the MCF5272. It complements the M68K
architectural HAL package
CYGPKG_HAL_M68K and the
variant HAL package
eCos configuration should also include a platform HAL package, for
CYGPKG_HAL_M68K_M5272C3 to support
board-level details like the external memory chips.
The MCF5272 processor HAL package should be loaded automatically when eCos is configured for appropriate target hardware. It should never be necessary to load this package explicitly. Unloading the package should only happen as a side effect of switching target hardware.
contains configuration options for the available hardware. This
includes all GPIO pin settings, with defaults provided by the
platform HAL. In turn the pin settings are used to determine defaults
for other hardware settings, for example which of the two on-chip
uarts are usable. Users can override these settings if necessary,
subject to any constraints imposed by the platform HAL, but care has
to be taken that the resulting configuration still matches the actual
what happens in configurations containing the eCos kernel when the
idle thread runs, i.e. when there is nothing for the processor to do
until the next interrupt comes in. Usually the processor made to
sleep, halting the cpu but leaving all peripherals active.
The package contains a single configuration option
controls the support for gprof-based profiling. By default it is
active and enabled if the configuration contains the gprof profiling
package, otherwise inactive. The relevant code uses hardware timer 2,
so that timer is no longer available for application code. If the
timer is required but a platform HAL provides an alternative
implementation of the profiling support then this option can be
The HAL Port
This section describes how the MCF5272 processor HAL package implements parts of the eCos HAL specification. It should be read in conjunction with similar sections from the architectural and variant HAL documentation.
specifies which generic MCFxxxx devices are present, and provides
details of MCF5272-specific devices. This header file is automatically
included by the architectural
typically application code and other packages will just include the
It should be noted that the Freescale documentation is occasionally confusing when it comes to numbering devices. For example the four on-chip timers are numbered TMR0 to TMR3, but in the interrupt controller the corresponding interrupts are numbered TMR1 to TMR4. The eCos port consistently starts numbering at 0, so these interrupts have been renamed TMR0 to TMR3.
The header file
cyg/hal/proc_intr.h provides VSR and ISR
vector numbers for all interrupt sources. The VSR vector number, for
CYGNUM_HAL_VECTOR_TMR0, should be used
for calls like
corresponds directly to the M68K exception number. The ISR vector
number, for example
CYGNUM_HAL_ISR_TMR0, should be
used for calls like
header file is automatically included by the architectural header
cyg/hal/hal_intr.h, and other
packages and application code will normally just include the latter.
The eCos HAL macros
HAL_INTERRUPT_CONFIGURE are implemented by the
processor HAL. The mask and unmask operations are straightforward,
simply manipulating the on-chip interrupt controller. The acknowledge
and configure macros are only relevant for external interrupts:
internal interrupts generated by on-chip devices do not need to be
acknowledged. The set-level operation, used implicitly by higher level
code such as
cyg_interrupt_create, is mapped on
to M68K IPL levels so interrupts can be given a priority between 1
and 7. Priority 7 corresponds to non-maskable interrupts and must be
used with care: such interrupts cannot be managed safely by the usual
eCos ISR and DSR mechanisms; instead application code will have to
install a custom VSR and manage the entire interrupt.
The processor HAL provides support for the eCos system clock. This always uses hardware timer 3, which should not be used directly by application code. If gprof-based profiling is in use then that will use hardware timer 2. Timers 0 and 1 are never used by eCos so application code is free to manipulate these as required.
Some of the configuration options related to the system clock, for
CYGNUM_HAL_RTC_PERIOD, are actually
contained in the platform HAL rather than the processor HAL. These
options need to take into account the processor clock speed, a
characteristic of the platform rather than the processor.
The MCF5272 has a small instruction cache of 1024 bytes. This is fully supported by the processor HAL. There is no data cache.
Idle Thread Support
CYGIMP_HAL_M68K_MCF5272_IDLE controls what
happens when the kernel idle thread runs. The default behaviour is to
put the processor to sleep until the next interrupt.
The MCF5272 processor HAL provides a profiling timer for use with the
gprof profiling package. This uses hardware timer 2, so application
code should not manipulate this timer if profiling is enabled. The
M68K architectural HAL implements the
function so profiling is fully supported on all MCF5272-based platforms.
The MCF5272 processor HAL does not affect the implementation of data types, stack size definitions, linker scripts, SMP support, system startup, or debug support. The architectural HAL's bit index instructions are used rather than the MCFxxxx variant HAL's versions since the MCF5272 does not implement the ff1 and bitrev instructions.
The MCF5272 processor HAL only implements functionality defined in the eCos HAL specification and does not export any additional functions.
|2021-04-29||Open Publication License|