I²C Interface — Using I²C devices
The I²C driver in the
CYGPKG_DEVS_I2C_BSC package supports the use of I²C
devices within eCos. Access to the driver will be via the standard
I²C interface subsystem.
This driver can provide support for all three I²C busses available on the BCM283X. However, I2C0 is reserved for use by the GPU and I2C2 is dedicated to the HDMI interface, so in practice only I2C1 is available.
The HAL contains the following configuration options for each the I²C busses:
- This interface controls the inclusion of support for I²C bus X. This will normally be implemented by the platform HAL to indicate that there are I²C devices attached to the given bus, or that the SCL and SDA lines are routed to an external connector.
- This is the I²C bus X clock speed in Hz. Frequencies of either 100kHz or 400kHz can be chosen, the latter sometimes known as fast mode.
The design of the I²C device does not make it possible to start a new bus transfer without also sending a START condition on the bus. This means that divided transactions are not possible. A divided transaction would look like this:
cyg_i2c_transaction_begin(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02); cyg_i2c_transaction_tx(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02, 1, tx_buf1, 1, 0); cyg_i2c_transaction_tx(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02, 0, tx_buf2, 2, 0); cyg_i2c_transaction_tx(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02, 0, tx_buf3, 6, 1); cyg_i2c_transaction_end(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02);
In this transaction a START and one byte are sent from tx_buf1, then 2 bytes of data from tx_buf2, finishing with 6 bytes from tx_buf3 followed by a STOP. The device will not allow the tx_buf2 and tx_buf3 transfers to happen without also sending a START. The only solution to this is to combine the data into a single buffer and perform a single transfer:
memcpy( tx_buf, tx_buf1, 1); memcpy( tx_buf+1, tx_buf2, 2); memcpy( tx_buf+3, tx_buf3, 6); cyg_i2c_tx(&cyg_aardvark_at24c02, tx_buf, 9);
|2021-04-29||eCosPro Non-Commercial Public License|