Debugging with GDB |
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gdb allows you to express the constants of C and C`++` in the
following ways:

- Integer constants are a sequence of digits. Octal constants are
specified by a leading ‘
`0`’ (i.e. zero), and hexadecimal constants by a leading ‘`0x`’ or ‘`0X`’. Constants may also end with a letter ‘`l`’, specifying that the constant should be treated as a`long`

value. - Floating point constants are a sequence of digits, followed by a decimal
point, followed by a sequence of digits, and optionally followed by an
exponent. An exponent is of the form:
‘
`e[[+]|-]`’, where`nnn``nnn`is another sequence of digits. The ‘`+`’ is optional for positive exponents. A floating-point constant may also end with a letter ‘`f`’ or ‘`F`’, specifying that the constant should be treated as being of the`float`

(as opposed to the default`double`

) type; or with a letter ‘`l`’ or ‘`L`’, which specifies a`long double`

constant. - Enumerated constants consist of enumerated identifiers, or their integral equivalents.
- Character constants are a single character surrounded by single quotes
(
`'`

), or a number—the ordinal value of the corresponding character (usually its ascii value). Within quotes, the single character may be represented by a letter or by escape sequences, which are of the form ‘`\`’, where`nnn``nnn`is the octal representation of the character's ordinal value; or of the form ‘`\`’, where ‘`x`’ is a predefined special character—for example, ‘`x``\n`’ for newline.Wide character constants can be written by prefixing a character constant with ‘

`L`’, as in C. For example, ‘`L'x'`’ is the wide form of ‘`x`’. The target wide character set is used when computing the value of this constant (see Character Sets). - String constants are a sequence of character constants surrounded by
double quotes (
`"`

). Any valid character constant (as described above) may appear. Double quotes within the string must be preceded by a backslash, so for instance ‘`"a\"b'c"`’ is a string of five characters.Wide string constants can be written by prefixing a string constant with ‘

`L`’, as in C. The target wide character set is used when computing the value of this constant (see Character Sets). - Pointer constants are an integral value. You can also write pointers
to constants using the C operator ‘
`&`’. - Array constants are comma-separated lists surrounded by braces ‘
`{`’ and ‘`}`’; for example, ‘`{1,2,3}`’ is a three-element array of integers, ‘`{{1,2}, {3,4}, {5,6}}`’ is a three-by-two array, and ‘`{&"hi", &"there", &"fred"}`’ is a three-element array of pointers.