GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) Internals: Conversions |
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All conversions between machine modes must be represented by
explicit conversion operations. For example, an expression
which is the sum of a byte and a full word cannot be written as
(plus:SI (reg:QI 34) (reg:SI 80))
because the plus
operation requires two operands of the same machine mode.
Therefore, the byte-sized operand is enclosed in a conversion
operation, as in
(plus:SI (sign_extend:SI (reg:QI 34)) (reg:SI 80))
The conversion operation is not a mere placeholder, because there may be more than one way of converting from a given starting mode to the desired final mode. The conversion operation code says how to do it.
For all conversion operations, x must not be VOIDmode
because the mode in which to do the conversion would not be known.
The conversion must either be done at compile-time or x
must be placed into a register.
(sign_extend:m x)
Represents the result of sign-extending the value x to machine mode m. m must be a fixed-point mode and x a fixed-point value of a mode narrower than m.
(zero_extend:m x)
Represents the result of zero-extending the value x to machine mode m. m must be a fixed-point mode and x a fixed-point value of a mode narrower than m.
(float_extend:m x)
Represents the result of extending the value x to machine mode m. m must be a floating point mode and x a floating point value of a mode narrower than m.
(truncate:m x)
Represents the result of truncating the value x to machine mode m. m must be a fixed-point mode and x a fixed-point value of a mode wider than m.
(ss_truncate:m x)
Represents the result of truncating the value x to machine mode m, using signed saturation in the case of overflow. Both m and the mode of x must be fixed-point modes.
(us_truncate:m x)
Represents the result of truncating the value x to machine mode m, using unsigned saturation in the case of overflow. Both m and the mode of x must be fixed-point modes.
(float_truncate:m x)
Represents the result of truncating the value x to machine mode m. m must be a floating point mode and x a floating point value of a mode wider than m.
(float:m x)
Represents the result of converting fixed point value x, regarded as signed, to floating point mode m.
(unsigned_float:m x)
Represents the result of converting fixed point value x, regarded as unsigned, to floating point mode m.
(fix:m x)
When m is a floating-point mode, represents the result of converting floating point value x (valid for mode m) to an integer, still represented in floating point mode m, by rounding towards zero.
When m is a fixed-point mode, represents the result of converting floating point value x to mode m, regarded as signed. How rounding is done is not specified, so this operation may be used validly in compiling C code only for integer-valued operands.
(unsigned_fix:m x)
Represents the result of converting floating point value x to fixed point mode m, regarded as unsigned. How rounding is done is not specified.
(fract_convert:m x)
Represents the result of converting fixed-point value x to fixed-point mode m, signed integer value x to fixed-point mode m, floating-point value x to fixed-point mode m, fixed-point value x to integer mode m regarded as signed, or fixed-point value x to floating-point mode m. When overflows or underflows happen, the results are undefined.
(sat_fract:m x)
Represents the result of converting fixed-point value x to fixed-point mode m, signed integer value x to fixed-point mode m, or floating-point value x to fixed-point mode m. When overflows or underflows happen, the results are saturated to the maximum or the minimum.
(unsigned_fract_convert:m x)
Represents the result of converting fixed-point value x to integer mode m regarded as unsigned, or unsigned integer value x to fixed-point mode m. When overflows or underflows happen, the results are undefined.
(unsigned_sat_fract:m x)
Represents the result of converting unsigned integer value x to fixed-point mode m. When overflows or underflows happen, the results are saturated to the maximum or the minimum.
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