|Using as: CRIS-Opts|
The CRIS version of
as has these
machine-dependent command-line options.
The format of the generated object files can be either ELF or
a.out, specified by the command-line options
--emulation=crisaout and --emulation=criself.
The default is ELF (criself), unless
as has been
configured specifically for a.out by using the configuration
There are two different link-incompatible ELF object file variants for CRIS, for use in environments where symbols are expected to be prefixed by a leading ‘_’ character and for environments without such a symbol prefix. The variant used for GNU/Linux port has no symbol prefix. Which variant to produce is specified by either of the options --underscore and --no-underscore. The default is --underscore. Since symbols in CRIS a.out objects are expected to have a ‘_’ prefix, specifying --no-underscore when generating a.out objects is an error. Besides the object format difference, the effect of this option is to parse register names differently (see crisnous). The --no-underscore option makes a ‘$’ register prefix mandatory.
The option --pic must be passed to
order to recognize the symbol syntax used for ELF (SVR4 PIC)
position-independent-code (see crispic). This will also
affect expansion of instructions. The expansion with
--pic will use PC-relative rather than (slightly
faster) absolute addresses in those expansions. This option is only
valid when generating ELF format object files.
All instructions and register names for any architecture variant in the set v0…v10 are recognized. This is the default if the target is configured as cris-*.
Only instructions and register names for CRIS v10 (as found in ETRAX 100 LX) are recognized. This is the default if the target is configured as crisv10-*.
Only instructions and register names for CRIS v32 (code name Guinness) are recognized. This is the default if the target is configured as crisv32-*. This value implies --no-mul-bug-abort. (A subsequent --mul-bug-abort will turn it back on.)
Only instructions with register names and addressing modes with opcodes common to the v10 and v32 are recognized.
When -N is specified,
as will emit a
warning when a 16-bit branch instruction is expanded into a
32-bit multiple-instruction construct (see CRIS-Expand).
Some versions of the CRIS v10, for example in the Etrax 100 LX,
contain a bug that causes destabilizing memory accesses when a
multiply instruction is executed with certain values in the
first operand just before a cache-miss. When the
--mul-bug-abort command line option is active (the
as will refuse to assemble a file
containing a multiply instruction at a dangerous offset, one
that could be the last on a cache-line, or is in a section with
insufficient alignment. This placement checking does not catch
any case where the multiply instruction is dangerously placed
because it is located in a delay-slot. The
--mul-bug-abort command line option turns off the